Common Terms About Executive Functions
What are Executive Function Skills?
Sometimes referred to as ‘self-management skills’, executive functions refers to a wide range of cognitive abilities affecting planning and executing, memory, critical thinking, and one’s ability to exercise self-control. These abilities are considered essential to function throughout school, work, and everyday life. Students who struggle with executive function may have difficulties starting or stopping tasks, focusing and following directions.
What is an Academic Coach?
Great question! An academic coach works alongside a student to help them apply their learning to current academic demands. Coaches do it WITH a student, not FOR.
What is a Tutor?
An instructor responsible for helping a student improve in a specific subject area, such as science or math.
Example: Tina is working with a tutor to help improve her performance in English class.
What are time management skills?
Time management refers to one’s ability to manage time limits and adhere to imposed deadlines; considered an essential skill for students as it applies to preparing for assessments and completing assignments on time.
Example: Toby has been using the Effective Student Method to improve his time management as it relates to completing homework assignments, going to bed at a reasonable hour and managing his own screen time.
If you are looking to improve time management skills, try our time management worksheet and exercise, for free!
What are study skills?
Study skills acquired by a student that enables him/her to create and/or identify an effective activity to learn material specific to a subject or type of content. Study skills must include retrieval practice to verify efficacy of strategy and must be specific to and appropriate for content type (vocabulary vs math problems). Study skills are developed like any other skills and require intentional practice and instruction. Study skills are necessary for students to be successful in school but are rarely directly taught.
What are organization skills?
Having a system to categorize information and materials.
Example: Organization helps students reduce anxiety, save time, better manage their assignments and keep track of upcoming due dates.